antimony

   A silvery white, brittle, yet soft metal, used in alloys to improve the working qualities of other metals, britannia, lead, and pewter, for example. Antimony sulfide was used as the cosmetic known as kohl in Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries. It is also used in making yellow glazes for ceramics, particularly majolica. Antimony suspended in lead was mined on the slopes of Mount Vesuvius from the Middle Ages, and was the source of an important orange-yellow pigment during the Renaissance called Naples yellow. This was paler than ocher but not as strong as the chrome yellows developed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Antimony oxides, not developed until the twentieth century, are also the source of white and vermilion pigments.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Antimony — Administration Pays  États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • antimony — (n.) brittle metallic element, early 15c., from O.Fr. antimoine and directly from M.L. antimonium, an alchemist s term (used 11c. by Constantinus Africanus), origin obscure, probably a Latinization of Gk. stimmi powdered antimony, black antimony… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Antimony — An ti*mo*ny ([a^]n t[i^]*m[ o]*n[y^]; 112), n. [LL. antimonium, of unknown origin.] (Chem.) An elementary substance, resembling a metal in its appearance and physical properties, but in its chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Antimony — Antimony, UT U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 122 Housing Units (2000): 81 Land area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antimony, UT — U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 122 Housing Units (2000): 81 Land area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • antimony — Symbol: Sb Atomic number: 51 Atomic weight: 121.75 Element of group 15. Multiple allotropic forms. The stable form of antimony is a blue white metal. Yellow and black antimony are unstable non metals. Used in flame proofing, paints, ceramics,… …   Elements of periodic system

  • antimony — [an′tə mō΄nē] n. [ME antimonie < OFr antimoine < ML antimonium < ? Ar al ithmid, antimony < Gr stimi (> L stibium) < Coptic stēm < Egypt sdmt, orig. mixture used to protect the eyes from flies] a silvery white, brittle,… …   English World dictionary

  • antimony — index antipode Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • antimony — ► NOUN ▪ a brittle silvery white metallic element. ORIGIN Latin antimonium …   English terms dictionary

  • Antimony — This article is about the element. For the town, see Antimony, Utah. Not to be confused with Antinomy, a type of paradox. tin ← antimony → tellurium As ↑ Sb ↓ Bi …   Wikipedia

  • antimony — antimonial, adj., n. /an teuh moh nee/, n. Chem. a brittle, lustrous, white metallic element occurring in nature free or combined, used chiefly in alloys and in compounds in medicine. Symbol: Sb; at. no.: 51; at. wt.: 121.75. [1375 1425; late ME… …   Universalium


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